Over the years, the Sympathetic nervous system has experienced a variety of names, i.e. Sympathetic, Autonomic, Vasomotor, etc. This makes it confusing when researching the Abdominal Brain. I have read several research papers stating, “The Sympathetic Nervous System controls the sympathetic system”. Due to the compartmentalization of healthcare and research into the function of the body. The Nervous system and Blood are separated; never being considered as exchanging anything for mutual benefit. Whatever name you call it, the function remains the same, which is the control of blood flow and hormones, neurotransmitters and neuropeptides being excreted for normal function of the organs.
The Abdominal Brain performs the vital functions, independently of the Cranial Brain.
Blood / Nerve Reciprocity
All nerves depend wholly upon the arterial system for their oxygen, nutrition and the quality of their function, such as sensation, signal transmission and motion, even though by the law of reciprocity they furnish force, diameter control and sensation to the artery itself. This is known as Blood/Nerve Reciprocity.
No Cell in your Body is more than five cells away from a blood vessel.
Vasomotor Autonomic System (VAS)
Sympathetic, Autonomic and Vasomotor are all names used to describe the shared control of blood flow by the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system through Vasomotor Autonomic System (VAS). For the purposes of this post, through Vasomotor is used to describe autonomic control.
Two Brains in the Body
In humans, there exist two brains of almost equal importance to the individual: One is the Cranial brain, the instrument of mental processes and physical movement; the other is the Abdominal brain, the instrument of nutrition and visceral rhythm. To the casual observer the cranial cerebrum seems to overshadow all other nervous centers.
The abdominal brain (solar plexus) is the chief organizing center of the abdominal sympathetic nervous system. The ganglionic system of nerves of the abdominal brain performs the vital functions, which are independent of the cranial brain. Like cryptocurrency servers are independent from the Federal Reserve Banks.
The Abdominal Brain presides over the viscera—over secretion, nutrition, gestation, expulsion, respiration and circulation; over sub-conscious phenomena. The abdominal brain is the solar or epigastric plexus of ganglions. The Abdominal Brain exerts control over the organs through the secretion of Hormones, neurotransmitters and neuropeptides into the blood. Hormones, neurotransmitters and neuropeptides exert far greater control over organ function than nerves. The Vagus nerve is ninety (90%) sensory. Sensory nerves do not exert any control, only feedback.
Control from the abdominal brain is rhythmical, and the regularly occurring rhythmical movements take part in all vessels and hollow organs, on the circulatory system and the viscera.
Every ganglion of the sympathetic is independent of the remainder and that each ganglion is a distinct center of nervous influence. The ganglia preside over the viscera and their functions.
Summary of the Abdominal Brain
A general summary of the abdominal brain is that (a) it presides over nutrition; (b) it controls circulation; (c) it controls gland secretion; (d) it presides over the organs of reproduction; (e) it influences in a dominant, though not an absolute, control its peripheral visceral automatic ganglia.
The abdominal brain presides likewise over the glandular system. The abdominal brain controls secretion. It does this by controlling the balance between blood flow and hormones, neurotransmitters and neuropeptides being excreted.
The Abdominal Brain performs the vital functions, independently of the Cranial Brain.
Location of Abdominal Brain
The network of the Abdominal Brain nerve fibers is wrapped around the abdominal aortas and ganglion are located at the exit of the visceral vessels from the abdominal aorta. The major sympathetic ganglia are located at the origin of arteries; for this reason every abdominal visceral artery has at its origin a ganglion of the abdominal brain. By regulating the blood flow throughout the body, the Abdominal Brain controls the delivery of hormones, neurotransmitters and neuropeptides.
Disturbed Abdominal Brain
The Cranial Brain is protected by the Blood-Brain-Barrier. The Abdominal Brain is not given this degree of protection. The Abdominal Brain is protected by the Blood-Nerve-Interface (BNI). A inflammatory environment weakens Blood–Nerve-Interface (BNI) disturbing the function of the Abdominal Brain.
Neurons are very needy little things. Unlike some other cell types in your body they can’t survive long without oxygen. The more active the nerve cell is, the more blood it needs. Look at the brain. The brain is nourished by one of your body’s richest networks of blood vessels. With each heartbeat, arteries carry about 20 to 25 percent of your blood to your brain, where billions of cells use about 20 percent of the oxygen and fuel your blood carries. When a person is thinking hard, the brain may use up to 50 percent of the fuel and oxygen.
When the abdominal brain was suddenly disturbed. The blood flow to the organs, muscles and brain is disrupted. A derangement of the abdominal brain destroys health, though not so quickly. A shift in the balance results in Parasympathetic Withdrawal and impairment of the vasomotor regulation of blood flow.
Parasympathetic Withdrawal occurs with blood pooling in the Abdominal Compartment making the Movement Compartment and Brain/Spinal Cord have low blood flow. It does not shut off the blood like a stroke or blood clot would. It is more like living in a house, where someone flushing the toilet or using the hot water changes the temperature and water pressure during your shower.
At the periphery of the low blood flow region, the so-called ischemic penumbra, neuronal damage throughout the body develops more slowly because blood flow keeps oxygen delivery above the threshold for immediate cell death. In the ischemic core, the major mechanism of cell dysfunction is energy failure—without oxygen and glucose, mitochondria cannot generate the ATP needed for brain, nerve and muscle function. This also reduces the delivery of hormone, neurotransmitters and neuropeptides throughout the body.
This makes the motor and brain compartments ischemic. An increase in splanchnic blood flow in portal hypertension (hyperemic) is the result of a marked vasodilation of arterioles in splanchnic organs, which drain blood into the portal venous system. The increase in blood flow in splanchnic organs 24 and the subsequent increase in portal venous inflow, together with an increased resistance to portal inflow, maintains and aggravates the portal hypertensive syndrome.
This results in Vasculitic diseases affecting organs or tissue, including the peripheral nerves. When vasculitis affects the blood vessels supply nerves resulting in peripheral neuropathy. Lab tests report positive antinuclear antibodies (ANA) when this is occuring,
Why is the Abdominal Brain Such an Enigma?
Simply put, they cannot see the Abdominal Brain because they are not looking for it. A current example of this is a new organ that has been discovered in 2017, hiding in plain sight inside the human body. Known as the mesentery, it was previously thought to be just a few fragmented structures in the digestive system. But scientists have realized it is in fact one, continuous organ. The same can be said for the Abdominal Brain. Researchers and Healthcare providers refers to the biochemical signaling taking place between the gastrointestinal tract and the nervous system called the Gut-Brain axis. They attempt to explain the workings of the Abdominal Brain through the polarized view of the Cranial Brain and Spine being the primary controller. Another example would be the urinary and fecal incontinence experienced with Senile Dementia.
In the 1930s, M.B. DeJarnette published books describing the anatomy, physiology and function of the Mesentery (Omentum). 80 years after being Dr. DeJarnette published several books, researchers claim they found a new organ. Dr. DeJarnette was also aware of the connection between the Dura Mater and Cervical muscles prior to their discovery in 1996.
Abdominal Brain is Fully Functional at Birth
They also fail to recognize the ganglions and network of nerve fibers of the Abdominal Brains in the chest and abdomen are fully formed while the brain is yet a pulpy mass.
The Abdominal Brains control of the organs is fully functioning at birth through hormones, neurotransmitters and neuropeptides traveling through the blood. But the cranial brain, which controls movement, urination and defecation, speech and thought, are very slowly developed and matured. If the cranial brain were primary importance, the Abdominal Brain would not be fully functioning before the brain and spinal cord.
Involuntary urination and defecation occurs with children as both are under cranial brain control. As the child gets older, the cranial brain assumes more influence over urination and defecation. The child will not be potty trained until the cranial brain is capable of assuming control of the sphincters of the bladder and rectum. It is not a coincidence that children start walking and talking about the time they are potty trained. Another example of this is babies born alive with no brains (Anacephaly). Some survive a decade or more without Cranial Brains. Quadriplegics are another example of the dichotomy of the cranial and abdominal brain. Quadriplegics have to be catheterized for urination and digitally stimulated for defecation. Yet have functioning organs secretion, nutrition, gestation, peristalsis, respiration and blood circulation.
Irritation of the Abdominal Brain
Any irritation of the Abdominal Brain with cause a) too much secretion (diarrhea), b) too little secretion (constipation), or c) disproportionate secretion (fermentation). The same thing will occur in any secondary organ, i.e. too much, too little or disproportionate secretion in response to upstream primary organ.
Stage of Abdominal Brain Function
The stages of dysfunction of the abdominal brain:
- The first stage is irritation. The irritation may continue for years.
- The second stage is indigestion. The long continued irritation arising from the organs passing to the abdominal brain. The irritation alters signals sent out from the abdominal brain causing too much, too little or disproportionate secretion, which results in indigestion.
- The third stage is malnutrition. Chronic indigestion results in malnutrition, while the reflex irritation of the first stage occurs.
- The fourth stage is anemia, resulting from the indigestion and malnutrition. This alters Blood/Nerve Reciprocity.
- The fifth stage is neurosis, which is due to the nervous system being bathed in waste-laden blood for years. Blood nerve reciprocity.